Mar 042013
 
Mysterious Eighth Sacrament

THE GOSPEL Presented to Israel and Rejected by Israel

With insights on the Sunday Gospel Readings from the Revelations to Maria Valtorta

Year C  March 24, 2013

PALM SUNDAY / At the Procession

Gospel Reading: Luke 19:28-40  

Other Readings: Psalm 24; 27

Bethany to Jerusalem:Preparing for the Triumphal Entry

From the Evangelical Catholic Study Bible  and the Dated Parallel Harmony of the Gospels:

Luke 19:28 And having said these things, Jesus went ahead, going up to Jerusalem. 29 And it came to pass when He had come nigh to Bethphage and Bethany unto the mount called Olivet, He sent two of His Disciples,  30 saying:  Go into the town which is facing you [Bethphage].  At your entering you shall find the colt of an ass tied on which no man ever sat.  Loose him and bring him [and the ass] here. 31 And if any man asks you:  Why are you loosing him?  You shall say this to him:  Because the Lord has need of his service. 32 And they that were sent, went their way and found the colt standing just as He had said to them. 33 And as they were loosing the colt, the owners said to them:  Why are you loosing the colt? 34 So they said:  Because the Lord has need of him.  [Jesus certainly did this to help the Apostles realize, in the dark trial ahead, that He was fully in control of the situation, regardless of how it appeared.]

From the Rest of the Gospel Story:

Palm Sunday:  Jesus, His Apostles and, slightly ahead of them, the women disciples, including His Mother, are on the way to Jerusalem from Bethany.  He speaks alone to the Disciples at length about His death, the Passover and the importance of His sacrificial death.  The women are then sent to one of Lazarus’ houses in Jerusalem where they will get a good view of the Triumphal entry.  Andrew and Thomas are sent to get the donkey and colt at Bethphage.  The donkey represents the faithful of Israel, and the colt, on which He will ride, represents the Gentiles who will come to Christ, as they will be most prominent in the Church.

A hill East of Jerusalem:The Triumphal Entry

From the Evangelical Catholic Study Bible and the Dated Parallel Harmony of the Gospels:

Luke 19:35 And they brought the colt [and its mother] to Jesus.  And casting their garments on the colt, they set Jesus upon it. 36 And as He went, they spread their clothes underneath in the way. 37 And when He was now coming near the descent of Mount Olivet, the whole crowd of His disciples began with joy to praise God with a loud voice, for all the mighty works they had seen, 38 saying:  BLESSED BE THE KING WHO COMES IN THE NAME OF THE LORD!  PEACE IN HEAVEN, AND GLORY ON HIGH! {Psa.117[118]:26; Isaiah 28:16}  39 And some of the Pharisees from among the multitude, said to Him:  Master, rebuke your disciples!  40 To whom He said:  I say to you, that if these should hold their voices, the stones would cry out!

From the Rest of the Gospel Story:

They descend the hill so Jesus can mount the foal of the donkey.  The colt, though having never been ridden, receives its King in peace and calm.  It neither bolts nor frightens when branches thrown on the roadway first strike its face during the triumphal entry into Jerusalem.  They process through the city with jubilant crowds praising the Messiah of Israel.  Passing by the house of Annaleah, Jesus stops and blesses the virgin who wants to die of love for Him.  She is granted her wish immediately.  The King’s procession stops at the northern end of the Temple near the Antonia.  Jesus enters the Temple and orders the moneychangers out.  In this second cleansing of the Temple, He uses no whip, but when He sees them slow in obeying His orders, He overturns a table, spilling money and a scales on the floor.  After the cleansing, Jesus hears in the porches of the Temple many who have come, crying out for healing.  He instantly heals them all.  Leaving the city they go towards Bethany (Mark 11:11b and 11:19) to the Galilean’s Field in the Mount of Olives hoping to see friends or relatives who came for the feast.  Jesus and His Disciples retire here for the night.

PALM SUNDAY / At the Mass 

Gospel Reading: Luke 22:14-23:56 / 23:1-49

Other readings:Isaiah 50:4-7; Psa. 22:8-9,17-20,23-24; Philippians 2:6-11

From the Evangelical Catholic Study Bible:

THE UPPER ROOM, Jewish Friday, Nisan 15 (Our Thursday Evening)

The 1st cup, carving the Lamb and 2nd cup.

Luke 22:14 And when the hour had come [for the Passover meal], He sat down, and the twelve Apostles with Him. 15 And He said to them:  With great longing I have desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. 16 For I say to you that from this time I will not eat it until it [the true Passover feast] is fulfilled in the Kingdom of God [the Marriage Supper of the Lamb – Rev.19:7-9, 17-18]. 17 And having taken the [2nd] chalice, He gave thanks, and said: Take, and divide it among you, 18 for I say to you that I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the Kingdom of God comes.

[This would be following the Resurrection when our Lord Himself would pass through the Heavenly Temple veil and present His own blood as an atonement for human sin, and so establish the New Covenant through which the Holy Spirit could now be imparted to His people, making them once again sons of God, the state which man lost at the Fall. This state of Grace would be necessary for man, including the Old Covenant saints, to enter the presence of God in Heaven.]
Here was established GOD’S INTERNATIONAL KINGDOM COVENANT with all in Christ and in His Body the Church.   Promised: Joel 2:28-32; Ezekiel 11:19; 36:26  Consummated: Mt. 27:50-51;  Three promises: 1) Regeneration by the Holy Spirit  2) Restoration of divine sonship   3) Open to both Jew and Gentile of every nation.  The sign: the Eucharist. (Next: Revelation 21 / The final New Eternal Covenant)
AD 34 WAS the 29th Year of Jubilee. Counting from the completion of the Conquest in 1416 BC to AD 34 gives 29, 50 year periods. Christ then in His Own Blood provided the true Jubilee of both Rest and complete Debt Cancellation.  (See Lev. 25:8-16, 23-55; Numbers. 36:4 and Isa. 61:1-3; Hebrews 2:14-15; 4:1-11.)

The New Passover Ritual

This takes place after Jesus washes the Disciples’ feet and the 3rd and 4th cup.

Luke 22:19 And taking [unleavened] bread, He gave thanks, broke it, and gave it to them, saying: This is My Body which is given for you. Do this as a commemoration of Me. 20 In like manner He took the Chalice also, after the supper, saying:  This Chalice is the New Covenant [ratified] in My Blood, which shall be shed for you.

21 But yet behold, the hand of him who betrays Me is with Me on the table.

[While doing all to make sure no one would expect Judas Iscariot, Jesus reveals this horrifying fact, again to give His Apostles reason to know that this hour did not come upon Him as any surprise.]

22 And the Son of Man indeed goes, according to that which has been determined*  but yet, woe to that man by whom He shall be betrayed [Psa.40(41):10(9)]!

*Psa.68[69]:20-23;108[109]; Isa. 50:4-7; 53; Zech. 11:12-13; 12:10; 13:6-7.

23 And they began to inquire among themselves as to which of them would do this thing.

24 And there was also a strife amongst them, over which of them seemed to be the greater. 25 And Jesus said to them:  The kings of the Gentiles lord it over them, and they that have power over them are even called benefactors. 26 But for you this is not to be so!  But he who is the greater among you, let him become as the younger.  And he who is the leader, let him become as he who serves. 27 For who is greater, he who sits at the table, or he who serves? Is it not he who sits at the table? But I have been in the midst of you as he who serves. 28 And you are those who have continued with Me in My trials.  29  And as My Father has appointed to Me a kingdom so I appoint it to you, 30 that you may eat and drink at My table in My kingdom and may sit upon thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel [the whole body of My Church, New Israel – Rev. 4:7-8].

Jesus tells Peter he will deny Him.

Luke 22:31 And the Lord said:  Simon, Simon, behold Satan has desired to have you that he may sift you as wheat.  32 But I have prayed for you that your faith fails not.  And you, being then converted, confirm your brethren. 33 Peter said to Jesus:  Lord, I am ready to go with You, both into prison and to death! 34 And Jesus said:  I say to you, Peter, the cock shall not crow this day [even once], until you have thrice denied that you know Me. And he said to them all:

Self-defense is required for those who lack faith.

Luke 22:35 When I sent you without purse, or provision bag, or shoes, did you lack anything? 36 And they said:  Nothing. Then said He unto them:  But now he who has a purse, let him take it, and likewise a provision bag.  And he who has no sword, let him sell his coat and buy one. 37 For I say to you, that this which is written must yet be fulfilled in Me:  And with the wicked was He reckoned. {Isaiah 53:12}  For those things concerning Me have now reached their  fulfillment. 38 But they said:  Lord, behold here are two swords!  And He said to them: It is enough.

[The swords Jesus encouraged them to carry were only for self-defense, not to establish the kingdom!  Jesus recognizes here the basic right of self defense.  As for Himself, Jesus always trusted God to protect Him, but He knew that most men could never live completely by that principle.  What holds true for self-defense even more certainly goes for defense of family and nation, for here we are responsible for others who almost certainly have not reached that level of full faith.  To fail to protect would be an abandonment of a sacred duty unless resistance is revealed to be contrary to God’s will.  Resistance was prohibited when Babylon came as a divine chastisement for the Kingdom of Judah.  Israel was then told to surrender to its captors.]

 

TO GETHSEMANE

To Lazarus’ Olive Grove House.

Luke 22:39 And going out, Jesus went according to His custom to the Mount of Olives. And His Disciples followed Him.

40 And when He had come to the place, He said to them:  Pray, lest you enter into temptation. 41 And He, having withdrawn away from them a stone’s throw, knelt down and prayed, 42 saying:  Father, if You will, remove this chalice from Me!  But yet, not My will but Thine be done!

43 And there appeared to Him an angel from Heaven, strengthening Him. And being in agony, He prayed the more earnestly.

44 And His sweat became as drops of blood, trickling down upon the ground.

Jesus awakens the Disciples the 3rd time.

Luke 22:45 And when He rose up from prayer, He came to His Disciples and found them sleeping for sorrow. 46 And He said to them:  Why do you sleep? Arise, pray, lest you enter into temptation!

47 As He was yet speaking, behold there came a crowd, and he who was called Judas, one of the Twelve, went before them and drew near to Jesus to kiss Him.

48 And Jesus said to him:  Judas, do you betray the Son of Man with a kiss?

49 And they that were around Jesus, seeing what would follow, said to Him: Lord, shall we strike with the sword?!

50 And one of them [Peter] struck the servant of the high priest, and cut off his right ear.

51a  But Jesus answering, said: Allow them this action!

51b And when He had touched his ear, He healed him.

52 And Jesus said to the chief priests, the magistrates of the temple, and the ruling elders, who had come to Him:  Have you come out, as it were, against a thief with swords and clubs? 53 When I was daily with you in the temple, you did not stretch forth your hands against Me.  But to you and the power of darkness does this hour belong.

 

TO JERUSALEM AND TRIAL

To Annas. (See v.63-65)

Luke 22:54a  And apprehending Him, they led Him to the high priest’s house.

Annas sends Jesus to Caiaphas.

54b But Peter followed afar off.

Midnight (Our Friday)

Jesus in custody at Caiaphas’ court.   Peter’s 1st denial.

55 And when they had kindled a fire in the midst of the courtyard and were sitting about it, Peter was in the midst of them. 56 And a certain servant maid having seen him sitting by the light, and having earnestly beheld him, said:  This man also was with Him! 57 But he denied Him, saying:  Woman, I know Him not [1st denial].

An hour before dawn:Peter’s second denial.

58 And after a little while, another seeing him, said:  You also are one of them! But Peter said:  O man, I am not!

At dawn:   Peter’s 3rd and 4th denial.

59 And after the space, as it were, of one hour, another certain man affirmed, saying:  Of a truth, this man was also with Him, for he is also a Galilean! 60 And Peter said:  Man, I know not what you say! And immediately as he was yet speaking, the [1st] cock crew. [Then a 4th denial to a woman and a second crowing.] 61 And the Lord turning looked on Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, as He had said:  Before the cock crows [even once], you shall deny Me thrice. 62 And Peter going out, wept bitterly.

*Both Scripture and The Poem affirm that Peter denied the Lord three times before the cock crowed even once. (See also Jn. 13:38/264.)  But because none of the Gospels mention the fourth denial, plainly revealed in The Poem, it has been universally assumed that Jesus’ reference to Peter’s three denials means there were no others.  Mark’s merely incomplete account thus leaves the faulty impression that the last, and assumed third denial came after the first crowing.  This has led many to conclude this to be an unmistakable contradiction in Scripture.  See note at Mk. 14:72.  What has been a major dilemma for Biblical scholars has been explained perfectly in The Poem.

Before Annas. (See note at v. 54a)

63 And the men who held Jesus, mocked Him and struck Him. 64 And they blindfolded Him and struck His face.

And they asked Him, saying:  Prophesy!  Who was it that struck You? 65 And blaspheming, they said many other things against Him.

Before the Sanhedrin for a more legal trial.

66 And as soon as it was day, the ruling elders of the people, the chief priests and scribes came together.  And they brought Jesus into their council, saying:  If You are the Christ, tell us!

Before the Sanhedrin for a more legal trial.

67 And Jesus said to them:  If I shall tell you, you will not believe Me.  68 And if I should question you, you will not answer Me, nor let Me go. 69 But hereafter the Son of Man shall be sitting on the right hand of the power of God. 70 Then said they all:  Are you then the Son of God? Jesus said:  As you say, that I am! 71 And they said:  What need we any further testimony? For we ourselves have heard it from His own mouth.

[The title “the Son of God” was well understood to mean a claim of divinity and is clear evidence the plurality of divinity was firmly believed by Israel. Indeed the Poem reveals Our Lord repeatedly speaking in public of the Triune God without stirring the least controversy.]

Luke Chapter 23

Before Pilate in the Antonia Fortress.

Luke 23:1 AND the whole multitude of them rising up, led Jesus to Pilate. 2 And they began to accuse Him, saying:  We have found this Man perverting our nation, forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, and saying that He is Christ the King. 3 And Pilate asked Him, saying:  Are You the king of the Jews?  And He answering, said:  You said it [the truth]. 4 And Pilate said to the chief priests and to the crowds:  I find nothing blamable in this Man.* 5 But they were the more earnest, saying:  He stirs up the people, teaching throughout all Judea, beginning from Galilee to this place!

*That Pilate did not consider Jesus’ admitting to be king of the Jews any offense meant he was already very familiar with Jesus’ view of His kingship.  Indeed, The Poem relates in great detail both the admiration and respect that Pilate’s wife, Claudia Procula, had for Jesus and His view of His spiritual kingdom. Pilate asked Jesus the question only to see if He would own up to His claim before him.  Thus, His question was only an empty formality proving he was at a total loss as to how to escape having to deal with Jesus.  There is no sign however of determination here in seeing that justice be done on Jesus’ behalf.

6 But Pilate, hearing of Galilee, asked if the Man were of Galilee? 7 And when he understood that He was of Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent Him away to Herod, who was also himself at Jerusalem, in those days.

Before Herod Antipas.

Luke 23:8 And Herod, seeing Jesus, was very glad, for he of a long time had been desirous to see Him, because he had heard many things about Him, and he had hoped to see some sign done by Him. 9 And he questioned Him with many words. But Jesus answered him in nothing. 10 And the chief priests and the scribes stood by, earnestly accusing Him. 11 And Herod with his army treated him with contempt and mocked Him.  Then putting on Him a white garment, they sent Him back to Pilate. 12 And Herod and Pilate were made friends that same day, for before they had been enemies one to another.

Back before Pilate.

Luke 23:13 And Pilate, calling together the chief priests, the magistrates, and the people,  14 said to them:  You have presented unto me this Man as one who perverts the people.  And behold I, having examined Him before you, find no offense in this Man, in those things of which you accuse Him. 15 No, and neither did Herod. For I sent you to him, and behold [as you see], nothing worthy of death has been done by Him.  16 I will chastise Him, therefore, and release Him. [Pilate by his attempt at appeasement only proves to the mob that he can be intimidated.]

Before Pilate. 9:30 AM

Luke 23:17[17fn] Now of necessity he [Pilate] was to release unto them one [held prisoner by Rome] upon the feast day.

18 But the whole multitude together cried out, saying:  Away with this Man! And: Release unto us Barabbas!

19 Now, he was a man who, for a certain sedition made in the city, and for murder had been cast into prison. 20 But Pilate again spoke to them, desiring [halfheartedly] to release Jesus. 21 But they cried again, saying:  Crucify Him!! Crucify Him!! 22 And he said to them the third time:  Why? What evil has this Man done? I find no cause of death in Him. I will chastise Him, therefore, and let Him go!  [If there had been any interest at all for justice on Pilate’s part, it was entirely gone by this “third time,” for justice would already have known the answer to the question asked here again!]

Before Pilate.  10:30 AM

Luke 23:23 But they were insistent with loud cries, demanding that Jesus be crucified.  And their voices prevailed.

Before Pilate.  11AM

Luke 23:24 And Pilate gave sentence that it should be as they required. 25 And he released unto them him, who for murder and sedition, had been cast into prison, whom they had desired, but Jesus he delivered up to their will.

 

TO CALVARY

Luke 23:26 And as they led Jesus away, they laid hold of one Simon of Cyrene, coming from the country.  And they laid the cross on him to carry after Jesus.

27 And there followed Him a great company of people, and of women, who bewailed and lamented Him. 28 But Jesus turning to them, said:  Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not over Me, but weep for yourselves, and for your children. 29 For behold the days shall come in which they will say:  Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that have not borne, and the breasts that have never nursed. 30 Then shall they begin to say to the mountains: Fall upon us!  and to the hills: Cover us! 31 For if when the timber is green they [the Romans] do these things, what shall be done in when it is dry?

[A proverb implying the destructive power of a forest fire meaning here: If the Romans do this to Me Who is perfectly just, what will they do to this unbelieving nation for their multitude of sins and crimes against Rome?]

32 And there were also two other criminals led with Him to be put to death. [Isa.53:12]

33 And when they had come to the place which is called Calvary, they crucified Him there with the robbers, one on the right hand, and the other on the left.

34a  And Jesus said:  Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do!

[For many who were present, this prayer could not be answered, but this prayer of Jesus certainly tells us that Jesus Himself forgave His worst enemies!]

34b But they, divided His garments by casting lots. {Psa.21[22]:19[18]}

[While Jesus gave everything, even His life, for His crucifiers, they took the very last thing He owned!]

35 And the people stood watching, and the rulers with them derided Him, saying:  He saved others, let him save Himself if He is Christ, the chosen of God! 36 And the soldiers [out of their own disdain for the Jews] also mocked Him, coming to Him and offering him vinegar, 37 and saying:  If You are the king of the Jews, save Yourself! 38 And there was also an inscription written over Him in letters of Greek, Latin, and Hebrew:  THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.

[That Hebrew is used here rather than Aramaic reveals Hebrew was the popular language among the Jews in Jesus’ day not Aramaic as modern scholars have claimed. But see also Acts 21:40 and 26:14.]

39 And one of the robbers who was also suspended, blasphemed Him, saying: If You are Christ, save Yourself and us! 40 But the other answering, rebuked him, saying:  Do you not fear God, seeing you are condemned under the same sentence? 41 But we indeed are condemned justly, for we are receiving the due payment for our deeds, but this Man has done no evil.

42 And he said to Jesus:  Lord, remember me when You shall come into Your kingdom! 43 And Jesus said to him:  Most assuredly I say to you, this day you shall be with Me in Paradise.

*Paradise, however, is not Heaven.  Jesus did not go to Heaven until after His Resurrection.  Jesus, appearing to the Magdalene on Resurrection Sunday, said, “Do not touch Me for I have not yet ascended to My Father.” (Jn.20:17)  Now Jesus, at His death, had descended into Sheol/Hades to be with all in waiting for redemption and for the gates of Heaven to be opened.  Here He proclaimed the Good News to both those in Paradise and in the place of purging (1 Peter 3:18-20; 4:6; Eph. 4:8-10).  Those who were prepared entered the New Covenant and were then, after His appearance to the Magdalene, led by our Lord with Paradise itself into the Father’s presence in Heaven, where He had already presented His own blood behind the Heavenly veil to atone for the sins of man. Only after this atoning work was presented to the Father was Heaven opened to the redeemed.

Darkness comes at noon.  The Passover lambs begin to be slain.

Luke 23:44 And it was almost the sixth hour [noon], and there was darkness over all the earth until the ninth [3 pm] hour.

[This darkness that came was not an ordinary eclipse as Passover was at full moon.  Something besides the moon or any dust or smoke from the later earthquake covered the sun. Some have said we might have an independent record of this most incredible miracle by the Roman astronomer, Phlegon, who, speaking of the 14th year of the reign of Tiberias, the year that Jesus supposedly died, said that “the greatest eclipse of the sun that was ever known happened then, for the day was so turned into night that the stars appeared.”  The problem here is that Christ was crucified in 19-Tiberius.]

45a  And the sun was darkened,

45b and the veil of the temple was rent down the middle.

*The veil was an exceedingly thick, woven divider separating the holy place in the Temple from the Holy of Holies, into which no one was to go or even look except the High Priest once a year.  Before the Ark was “lost” the high priest would go behind the veil into the presence of the Ark of the Covenant and sprinkle the blood on the Mercy Seat upon the ark to make atonement for the people. The curtain for the wilderness Tabernacle is described in Ex.26:31-35.  The veil for the Temple in Jesus’ day was much larger and thicker.  The significance of this undeniable divine act which tore the veil was to demonstrate that there had finally been a Sacrifice made that was acceptable to deal with sin, and now the way was open for men to reach Heaven, the very Holy of Holies, and fellowship with the Father Himself.

That the Jews did not have the Ark since the destruction of Solomon’s temple by the Babylonians, and that it was not in the post-exilic temple of Zerubbabel is also significant, because Zerubbabel’s temple was symbolic of Christ (and the Church) in that it was built from the stone that had been rejected for the first temple. The Ark’s absence in that temple then prophesied that the place of propitiation would no longer be on earth for the Church, but in Heaven, where Christ would present His own Blood once for all. That very sacrifice is made available for us in Holy Mass as we enter by the Spirit into the very Heavenly Holy of Holies before the Father and rather than merely being sprinkled by it, it is consumed within us uniting us whole and complete to the very person of Christ in the most profound union! (See Rev.5:6.)

46a And Jesus crying out with a loud voice,

46b [He] said:  FATHER, INTO THY HANDS I COMMEND MY SPIRIT!

Jesus’ last cry was, “MOTH . . . !”

46c And saying this, He gave up His Spirit.

The material from The Rest of the Gospel Story is far too extensive to be part of this post. Please consider ordering it!  

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